Ridge: The highest point on a roof where two roof areas intersect.
Hip: Where two roof areas intersect which are not the ridge nor the valley.
Valley: The part of a roof where two roof slopes intersect.
Drip Edge: The edge of the roof
Soffit: The underside of a roof eave, it connects the fascia to the side of the house
Eave: The edge of a roof that overhangs a wall.
Fascia: The long board that runs along the edge of a roof, often behind the gutter
Rake: A non-guttered roof edge.
Common Roofing Components
Hip Shingle: The top course of shingles providing a protective bridge between two slopes along a hip edge of a roof ensuring it’s weather tight between the slopes.
Valley Liner (Ice & Water): Metal flashing or ice and water barrier Installed to protect the vulnerable valley of a roof and divert water off the roof
Deck: The boards or sheet material fastened to the roof rafters or truss on which the roof system is laid. Also called sheathing.
Ridge Vent: A type of continuous vent along the ridge of a sloped roof designed to allow for the passage of warm air and humidity out of the attic.
Ridge Shingle: The top course of shingles providing a protective bridge between two slopes along the ridgeline of a roof ensuring it’s weather tight.
Drip Edge: A metal flashing, installed at the edges of the roof to help control the flow of water away from the building.
Asphalt Shingles: The most common roof covering in North America, designed to be a cost effective barrier to water. Asphalt Shingles come in three types commonly known as 3-Tab, Architectural, and Designer
Ice & Water Barrier: A self-adhering membrane designed to help prevent leaks due to water backing up in your gutters, wind-driven rain, and ice dams.
Pipe Jack: A covering made from neoprene or lead that protects the plumbing vents on your roof.
Underlayment (Synthetic): A water-resistant barrier, installed directly onto the roof deck. The most common underlayment is felt (or felt paper), either synthetic, or asphalt-based.
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